Potions are useful items in Minecraft which are made by combining ingredients at a Brewing Stand. Minecraft potions are mainly used to add helpful status effects to players (for example, increasing movement speed) or to add negative status effects to enemies (for example, poisoning an enemy).
Brewing potions is very different than crafting items at a crafting table and this guide will explain how to make potions in Minecraft and all the different recipes.
To obtain the necessary ingredients, you will need to create a nether portal and go to the nether to obtain blaze rods and nether wart. Both nether wart and blaze rods can be found in nether fortresses.
How to Make Potions in Minecraft
To start with brewing potions, you will need the following items:
- Brewing Stand: This is basically your crafting table for potions. You will need at least one and they can be found naturally in some structures (igloos, villages) or crafted using one blaze rod in the center and 3 cobblestones along the bottom of the recipe.
- Water Bottles: You will need at least one water bottle to make nearly any potion in one way or another. Glass bottles can be crafted using 3 glass blocks and then filled with water by right clicking any water source to create water bottles.
- Blaze Powder: Required to “fuel” a brewing stand, similar to how you need to a fuel a furnace for smelting. Each blaze powder allows you to brew multiple potions and can be crafted from blaze rods.
- Nether Wart: Required for nearly all potions. Needs to be first obtained in the nether, and then can be grown in the main world afterwards. Must be planted on soul sand which is also found in the nether!
- Potion Ingredients: You will need various additional ingredients depending on the potion you want to make. For a detailed list, see the “potion recipes” section below!
How to Use the Brewing Stand
The brewing stand has a total of five crafting slots. Below we have an image showing each slot labelled with a description:
- 1. Fuel Slot: You must add blaze powder to this slot for the brewing process to work. This is similar to fueling a furnace.
- 2. Primary Ingredient Slot: This is where primary ingredients go, which is essentially anything that is NOT in a bottle. Ingredients like sugar or spider eyes will go in this slot only.
- 3, 4, & 5: Bottle Slots: Any potion ingredient in a bottle needs to go in the bottom 3 slots (does not matter which slot is used).
Typically, the brewing stand is best placed somewhere close to your storage room.
How to Make Awkward Potions
The “Awkward Potion” is the precursor for nearly every potion. To craft an awkward potion, you use a brewing stand to combine one nether wart (in the primary ingredient slot) and up to three water bottles (in the bottom 3 bottle slots). It is possible to craft up to three awkward potions with just one nether wart.
The awkward potion by itself is useless and has no effect. It must be combined with additional ingredients to make functional potions.
Minecraft Potion Recipes
We have made a list of all potion recipes in the game as of 2021. To use this list, simply find the potion you want to make and combine the necessary ingredients into a brewing stand.
The process is the same as making awkward potions. For example, to brew a potion of swiftness, add one sugar to the primary ingredient slot (top slot) in a brewing stand and add one awkward potion to any bottle ingredient slot.
While nearly all potions use awkward potions as an ingredient, there are a few potions that use different bottle ingredients. For example, the potion of invisibility uses a fermented spider eye in the primary ingredient slot and a potion of night vision in the bottle slot. Note that to craft a potion of night vision, you still need an awkward potion!
Defensive & Buff Potions
|Potion of Swiftness||Sugar + Awkward Potion||Increases speed by 20% (40% if glowstone dust added)|
|Potion of Strength||Blaze Powder + Awkward Potion||Increases melee attack damage|
|Potion of Night Vision||Golden Carrot + Awkward Potion||Increases brightness in dark areas (nighttime, caves, underwater, etc)|
|Potion of Invisibility||Fermented Spider Eye + Potion of Night Vision||Makes player invisible to other players and enemy mobs|
|Potion of Healing||Glistering Melon Slice + Awkward Potion||Instantly restores health points|
|Potion of Regeneration||Ghast Tear + Awkward Potion||Restores health points over time|
|Potion of Fire Resistance||Magma Cream + Awkward Potion||Makes player temporarily immune to fire and lava damage|
|Potion of Slow Falling||Phantom Membrane + Awkward Potion||Temporarily reduces fall speed and damage|
|Potion of Water Breathing||Pufferfish + Awkward Potion||Allows player to temporarily breathe underwater|
|Potion of Leaping||Rabbit’s Foot + Awkward Potion||Temporarily increases jump height|
|Potion of the Turtle Master||Turtle Shell + Awkward Potion||Reduces incoming damage, but also slows down movement speed|
Offensive & Attack Potions
|Potion of Weakness||Fermented Spider Eye + Plain Water Bottle||Reduces attack damage|
|Potion of Poison||Spider Eye + Awkward Potion||Does damage over time|
|Potion of Harming||Fermented Spider Eye + Potion of Healing + Potion of Harming||Does instant damage|
|Potion of Slowness||Fermented Spider Eye + Potion of Swiftness + Potion of Leaping||Reduces movement speed|
Upgrading Minecraft Potions
Some potions are weird or basically useless in Minecraft unless you brew them even further to upgrade them. For example, who would want to drink a potion of harming or poison themselves? Luckily, you can upgrade potions to splash (affect those you throw it at), extend duration, and increase effect.
There are three ways to upgrade a potion in Minecraft:
- Splash Potions (gunpowder): Brewing a potion with gunpowder will convert a potion into a splash potion. When right clicking a potion, you will now throw it instead of drinking it. Any player or monster near where the bottle lands will receive the benefits or harms of the potion. A splash potion can be further upgraded to a lingering potion by brewing a splash potion with dragon’s breath. A lingering potion is the same as a splash potion, but the splash effect lingers around for players or enemies to walk in.
- Extend Duration (redstone dust): Brewing a potion with redstone dust will increase the duration of the potion. For example, an effect may last 8 minutes instead of 3 minutes.
- Increase Effect (glowstone dust): Brewing a potion with glowstone dust will increase the potency/effect of the potion. For example, a healing potion with glowstone added would heal more hearts.
Note that you must add the gunpowder, redstone dust, or glowstone dust after the regular/normal potion is already brewed to upgrade it. Not all potions can be upgraded. For example, you are not able to add redstone dust to an instant healing potion as there is no duration to extend, however you could add glowstone dust to increase the overall healing effect.
If you’re looking for more ways to upgrade your Minecraft character, check out our list of the best Minecraft enchantments!