Potions are useful Minecraft items which are made by combining ingredients according to recipes at a brewing stand. Similar to buffs from beacons, potions provide benefits like increasing movement speed and healing. Another use is to harm enemies in combat, for example by throwing a poison potion at a zombie.
Brewing is very different than crafting other items or enchanting your armor. To get started with brewing in Minecraft, you will first need the following essential items: a brewing stand, water bottles, nether wart, and blaze rods.
Blaze rods and nether wart are found in the nether, so you will need to build a nether portal and travel to the nether to gather them. To craft a brewing stand, you will need one blaze rod. Both nether wart and blaze rods can be found in nether fortresses.
Note that once you obtain nether wart, you are able to grow it in the main Minecraft world using soul sand instead of tilled soil. It is a good idea to build an automatic farm to keep a steady supply of nether wart.
How to Use the Brewing Stand
The brewing stand has a total of five crafting slots. Below we have a photo of a Minecraft brewing stand with each slot labelled with a description:
- 1. Fuel Slot: You must add blaze powder to this slot for the brewing process to proceed. This is similar to using coal for fueling a furnace.
- 2. Primary Ingredient Slot: This is where primary ingredients go, which is essentially anything that is not a bottle. Ingredients like sugar or spider eyes will go in this slot only.
- 3, 4, & 5: Bottle Slots: Any ingredient in a bottle needs to go in the bottom 3 slots (does not matter which slot is used). Most commonly you will put water bottles and awkward potions into this slot.
Typically, the brewing stand is best placed somewhere near your storage area. This provides easy access to brewing ingredients.
How to Make Awkward Potions
The “Awkward Potion” is the precursor for nearly every potion in Minecraft. To craft an awkward potion, use a brewing stand to combine one nether wart (in the primary ingredient slot) and up to three water bottles. It is possible to craft up to three awkward potions with just one nether wart.
The awkward potion by itself is useless and has no effect. It must be combined with additional ingredients to make functional potions.
Minecraft Potion Chart (2023)
We have created a chart of all potion recipes in the game. To use this chart, simply find the potion you want to make and combine the necessary ingredients using a brewing stand.
Tip: The primary ingredient will always go in the top slot of the brewing stand and any ingredients in a bottle will go in the bottom slots.
Defensive & Beneficial Minecraft Potions
Potion of Swiftness
|Sugar + Awkward Potion
|Increases speed by 20% (40% if glowstone dust added)
Potion of Strength
|Blaze Powder + Awkward Potion
|Increases melee attack damage
Potion of Night Vision
|Golden Carrot + Awkward Potion
|Increases brightness in dark areas (nighttime, caves, underwater, etc)
Potion of Invisibility
|Fermented Spider Eye + Potion of Night Vision
|Makes player invisible to other players and enemy mobs
Potion of Healing
|Glistering Melon Slice + Awkward Potion
|Instantly restores health points
Potion of Regeneration
|Ghast Tear + Awkward Potion
|Restores health points over time
Potion of Fire Resistance
|Magma Cream + Awkward Potion
|Makes player temporarily immune to fire and lava damage
Potion of Slow Falling
|Phantom Membrane + Awkward Potion
|Temporarily reduces fall speed and damage
Potion of Water Breathing
|Pufferfish + Awkward Potion
|Allows player to temporarily breathe underwater
Potion of Leaping
|Rabbit’s Foot + Awkward Potion
|Temporarily increases jump height
Potion of the Turtle Master
|Turtle Shell + Awkward Potion
|Reduces incoming damage, but also slows down movement speed
Offensive Minecraft Potions
Potion of Weakness
|Fermented Spider Eye + Plain Water Bottle
|Reduces attack damage
Potion of Poison
|Spider Eye + Awkward Potion
|Does damage over time
Potion of Harming
|Fermented Spider Eye + Potion of Healing + Potion of Harming
|Does instant damage
Potion of Slowness
|Fermented Spider Eye + Potion of Swiftness + Potion of Leaping
|Reduces movement speed
Upgrading Minecraft Potions
Some potions are not very useful in Minecraft unless you brew them even further to upgrade them. For example, who would want to drink a potion of poison? Luckily, you can upgrade potions to splash potions (throwable potions), extended duration, and increased effect.
Splash & Lingering
Brewing an already-made Minecraft potion with gunpowder will convert it into a splash potion. When right clicking a splash potion, you will now throw it instead of drinking it. Any player or monster near where the bottle lands will receive the benefits or harms of the potion. This upgrade can be used to make potions which poison enemies or heal other players.
A splash potion can be further upgraded to a “lingering potion” by brewing a splash potion with dragon’s breath. A lingering potion is the same as a splash potion, but the splash effect lingers around for players or enemies to walk in.
Brewing with redstone dust will increase the duration of the potion. For example, an effect may last 8 minutes instead of 3 minutes.
Brewing with glowstone dust will increase the potency/effect of the potion. For example, a healing potion with glowstone added would heal more hearts.
Not all Minecraft potions can be upgraded. For example, you are not able to add redstone dust to an instant healing potion as there is no duration to extend, however you could add glowstone dust to increase the overall healing effect.
If you’re looking for more ways to upgrade your Minecraft character, check out our list of the best Minecraft enchantments!