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Minecraft Biomes Guide (With Photos and Descriptions)

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Minecraft Biomes are all the different landscapes that together create the world map. Each biome has its own unique climate, terrain, plants, and animals. Some biomes are rarer than others and it is possible you may never see some of them in one gameplay.

Often players will need to visit specific biomes to get certain items, so we have created this guide to help you learn about all the different biomes.

List of Minecraft Biomes

Plains

Minecraft Biomes

Plains are one of the most common biomes and are a good choice for building. The mostly flat land and lack of trees make it easy to bring your building materials and start a survival base here. Note that the lack of wood may make it harder to build your very first house though!

There is no shortage of animals with cows, pigs, and chickens being very common here. Farming the land for crops is also easier as it is flatter than other Minecraft biomes.

The plains biome can appear with a few different variations, including sunflower plains and wildflower plains.

  • Example Minecraft Plains Seed: -1867981665396748227
  • Special Animals & Mobs: None
  • Unique Plants: Sunflowers only spawn in “Sunflower Plains”
  • Features: Easy to build on, typically has more flowers (for dyes) and animals overall, little to no trees

Forest

Minecraft Biomes Forest

From the name, it’s easy to guess what this biome might look like. A forest in Minecraft is a green, grassy area filled with trees. They are an excellent source of wood, saplings, and apples before you get your first tree farm running.

Like the plains biome, forests can spawn with some variations as well. Variants include the dark oak forest and the birch forest biomes. These variants are similar to a regular forest, but spawn different types of trees (for example, a birch forest will spawn mostly birch trees instead of oak trees).

The dark oak forest biome is a bit unique in that it is the only biome that you can find woodland mansions and it also contains “mushroom trees”. The mushroom trees can be chopped down as an easy source of mushrooms.

  • Example Minecraft Forest Seed: -252568013143274859
  • Special Animals & Mobs: Illagers in dark oak forests
  • Unique Plants: Mushroom trees in dark oak forests
  • Features: Woodland mansions in dark oak forests

Desert

Minecraft Desert

This is a warm, sandy, and somewhat lifeless biome. Deserts are one of the best sources of sand and sandstone in the game due to the sheer volume of sand located here. You won’t find trees or much water here, but you will find plenty of cacti and some dead bushes.

There are some structures that spawn specifically in deserts, such as desert pyramids and desert villages.

The desert can be a very dangerous place to wander at night. There are plenty of enemy mobs spawning, very few animals, and few places to hide or take shelter.

Variations of the desert biome include Desert Hills (more hills) and Desert Lakes (more water).

  • Example Minecraft Desert Seed: 1080785586386456630
  • Special Animals & Mobs: None
  • Unique Plants: Cactus
  • Features: Desert pyramids, desert villages, fossils, and lots of sand and sandstone. Little to no trees or water.

Taiga

Minecraft Taiga

The Taiga biome is similar to forests, however you’ll find just spruce trees here instead of the more common oak trees. Overall, taiga has a more colder feel to it and resembles a more northern or mountain valley forest.

Variations of this biome include snowy taigas (colder with snow instead of rain), giant tree taigas (larger spruce trees), Taiga Hills (more hilly terrain), and Taiga Mountains (steeper terrain and sometimes some snow at mountain peaks).

  • Example Minecraft Taiga Seed: 5438751552775710864
  • Special Animals & Mobs: Wolves, Foxes
  • Unique Plants: Sweet Berry Bush
  • Features: Taiga Villages, lakes

Mountains (Extreme Hills)

Minecraft Biomes Mountains

Like the name suggests, this biome is filled with towering, rocky, and snowy mountains. The 1.18 Minecraft Update (Caves & Cliffs) will bring significant changes to mountain biomes, including more realistic generation and more mountain biomes.

Current variants of the mountain biome include: gravelly mountains/hills (contains gravel on top layers) and wooded mountains (contains more trees). The 1.18 Caves & Cliffs Update will bring more variants such as meadows and significantly taller slopes. News about the 1.18 update can be found here.

You will be able to find llamas and goats in mountain biomes, with goats only spawning in mountain biomes.

Mining deep underground has a few differences in mountain biomes. Emerald Ore can only be found underground while in mountain biomes, and rarely you will find disguised stone blocks (infested stone) which spawn silverfish enemies when broken.

  • Example Minecraft Mountains Seed: -3152467319571746336
  • Special Animals & Mobs: Llamas and Goats
  • Unique Plants: None
  • Features: Emerald Ore, Infested Stone

Jungle

Minecraft Jungle

The jungle biome is very thickly forested with tall trees and hanging vines. This biome is a great choice for a treehouse survival base!

Here, you will find a lot of unique things you won’t see in other Minecraft biomes. This can be frustrating at times since the jungle biome is not especially common and can take a while to locate sometimes. Unique animals including parrots, pandas, and ocelots only spawn in Jungle biomes and plants including cocoa, bamboo, and vines can also be found here.

Sometimes you will also stumble across a jungle temple, which is an aztec-themed structure made of mossy cobblestone and vines. Inside you’ll find traps that shoot arrows at you as well as treasure chests.

Jungle variants include: Jungle Hills (steeper terrain), Jungle Edge (transition zone near jungles), Bamboo Jungle (more bamboo spawns here), and Bamboo Jungle Hills (steeper bamboo jungle).

  • Example Minecraft Jungle Seed: 4092849147281775042
  • Special Animals & Mobs: Parrots, Pandas, Ocelots
  • Unique Plants: Bamboo, Cocoa, Vines, Jungle Trees
  • Features: Jungle Temples

Snowy Tundra

Minecraft Snowy Tundra

Snowy Tundra is a cold biome with a northern climate. Here you will see lots of snow, frozen lakes or rivers, igloos, and polar bears. Luckily, you can’t freeze to death in Minecraft, so it’s still a suitable place to live.

Variants of this biome include: ice spikes (lots of icy spikes on the land) and snowy mountains (steeper terrain).

  • Example Minecraft Snowy Tundra Seed: 6658274070052432062
  • Special Animals & Mobs: Polar Bears
  • Unique Plants: None
  • Features: Igloos, Snowy Villages

Savannah

Minecraft Savannah Biome

This biome reminds me of the type of land you would see lions and elephants roaming on, but you won’t find these animals in Minecraft (yet). Instead, llamas, donkeys, and horses can be found here. Savannah is similar to plains, but with acacia trees and overall a more “dry” appearance.

If you want acacia wood, this is the only biome you will find it in!

Variants of the savannah include: savannah plateau (steeper terrain), shattered savannah (more random and steeper terrain), and shattered savannah plateau (a bit smoother than regular shattered savannah).

  • Example Minecraft Savannah Seed: 1711206078196630967
  • Special Animals & Mobs: Donkeys, Horses, Llamas
  • Unique Plants: Acacia Trees
  • Features: Savannah Villages

Swamp Minecraft Biomes

Minecraft Swamp

A swamp is exactly what you would expect: a marshy, wet, mysterious, and overgrown land. This is the biome you’ll need to find if you are looking for a swamp hut, which is home to the witch mob.

Swamps are a good source of clay in the shallow lakes and can also spawn fossils. Slime is also easier to obtain in this biome, as swamps are the only biome where slime mobs can spawn above-ground.

As with most other Minecraft biomes, the swamp can also spawn in a hill variant that features steeper terrain.

  • Example Minecraft Swamp Seed: -6768624293097046129
  • Special Animals & Mobs: Witches, Slime mobs
  • Unique Plants: Vines, mushrooms
  • Features: Swamp Huts (witches), fossils, clay

Beach

Minecraft Beach

A beach is often formed when land meets the ocean. There is plenty of sand for making glass and sometimes buried treasure chests can be found under the sand. Rarely, shipwreck structures are found along beaches as well.

Turtles can only be found on the beach biome and their shells can be used to make defensive potions.

When spawning near mountain biomes and ocean biomes, a beach will show up as a “stone shore” instead.

  • Example Minecraft Beach Seed: -1912922681955134967
  • Special Animals & Mobs: Turtles
  • Unique Plants: None
  • Features: Buried treasure, shipwrecks

Badlands (Mesa)

Minecraft Badlands Mesa

The badlands biome is fairly rare and sometimes I can play a whole run-through of Minecraft and never see one! They are basically deserts but with terracotta and red sand instead. This biome is particularly useful for mining terracotta and gold ore.

A unique part about badlands is that mineshaft structures are commonly found at ground-level instead of deep underground. This makes it quite easy to find minecart rails and treasure chests in this biome. Gold ore is also more abundant and you can find them in these mineshafts at higher than normal elevations.

Variants include the badlands plateau (flatter tops of mountains), wooded badlands (more trees), eroded badlands (spikes and valleys carved by wind).

  • Example Minecraft Badlands Seed: -5672920752250885707 (badlands nearby the spawn, to the south)
  • Special Animals & Mobs: None
  • Unique Plants: Cactus
  • Features: Terracotta, Gold Ore

River

Minecraft River

River biomes often form as a way to divide different biomes apart. For example, you may have a plains biome, then a river biome, then a forest on the other side. As these biomes are fairly small and just contain the river, they are not incredibly unique or large in size.

However, in a river you can still find some useful things and they are a great place to fish or build a bridge over. For example, in a river you may find fish like salmon without having to travel to the ocean or pockets of sand and clay.

When located near a colder biome like a snowy tundra, the river will be largely frozen and can be easily walked over.

  • Example Minecraft River Seed: 2970670897839073195
  • Special Animals & Mobs: None
  • Unique Plants: None
  • Features: Clay, Fish

Ocean Minecraft Biomes

Minecraft Ocean

Oceans are among the largest Minecraft biomes in the game and have been heavily updated since the original release of the game. Oceans are best travelled by boat and are an easy way to scout for new biomes by zooming up the shoreline or across the entire ocean to new land.

Since oceans were updated, there are now several new types of ocean biomes, including: frozen oceans, deep oceans, cold oceans, lukewarm oceans, and warm oceans. There’s also plenty to explore with hidden treasures, ocean monuments, underwater ruins, and more!

  • Example Minecraft Ocean Seed: 5667730586661626731
  • Special Animals & Mobs: Dolphins, salmon and cod in some versions of the game
  • Unique Plants: Kelp, seagrass
  • Features: Underwater ruins, shipwrecks, ocean monuments, icebergs

Mushroom Fields (Island)

Minecraft Mushroom Fields Island

This is another rare biome which is possible to not commonly encounter while playing. This is the only biome where you will find mycelium which spawns instead of the regular grass blocks you see in other Minecraft biomes. Mycelium is useful as it lets you grow mushrooms at any light level, whereas mushrooms can normally only grow in darker lighting on other blocks.

Mushroom fields is also home to mooshrooms, a type of cow only found in this biome. Mooshrooms act similarly to cows and can be bred. The main difference is that they can produce mushroom stew when used with a bowl and they can be sheared into normal cows to yield mushrooms.

  • Example Minecraft Mushroom Fields Seed:-6085998459069210764 (mushroom field is to the southwest of spawn point)
  • Special Animals & Mobs: Mooshrooms
  • Unique Plants: Mushrooms, Mushroom Trees
  • Features: Mycelium

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